History

Rhoscolyn has a fascinating history, with its patron saint, Gwenfaen, first making her home and church here in 630 AD. Some say that the druids’ last stand against the Romans, who invaded Mona (Anglesey) in 60 or 61 AD, was at Cymyran, the inland sea between Mona and Holy Island and the open sea, south of Four Mile Bridge.  Anglesey itself also has a very interesting history.

We haven’t had any Rhoscolyn history contributions this month, so no local history, although we are promised some to come – and if you have any (your house, your family ….?) do let us know.

In the meantime, here are some notable historic May dates:

  • On 2nd May 1611 the Authorised Version of the Bible (King James version) was first published and became the standard English language bible;
  • On 4th May the Battle of Tewkesbury, the last battle in the Wars of the Roses, took place – Edward IV’s Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians:
  • On 6th May 1954 Roger Bannister became the first man to run a mile in under four minutes;
  • On 7th May 1945 Nazi Germany surrendered to the Allies at Rheims and the war in Europe ended.
  • On 8th May 1429 Joan of Arc achieved complete victory at Orleans and fulfilled the promise she had made only few months earlier to liberate the city from the English.
  • On 10th May 1940 Winston Churchill replaced Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister, promising nothing but “blood, toil and sweat”
  • On 11th May 973 Edgar the Peaceful was crowned at Bath as King of all England. He then went to Chester, where eight Scottish Kings and Welsh princes rowed him on the River Dee.
  • On 15th May 1567 Mary Queen of Scots married Bothwell in Edinburgh;
  • On 16th May 1943 RAF Lancaster bombers caused chaos to Nazi German industry by desroying two huge dams.
  • On 17th May the siege of the British garrison at Mafeking by Boer forces was broken.
  • On 19th May 1536 Anne Boleyn (see picture in sidebar), King Henry Vlll’s second wife was beheaded.
  • On 21st May 1894 the Manchester Ship Canal was officially opened by Queen Victoria;
  • On 26th May 735, the Venerable Bede, English monk, scholar, historian and writer, died having just completed his translation of St John into Anglo-Saxon.
  • On 28th May 1759 William Pitt the Younger was born.  He became the youngest ever British Prime Minister at the age of 24;
  • On 29th May 1660, Charles Stuart entered London to become King Charles II, restoring England’s monarchy following Oliver Cromwell’s commonwealth;
  • On 30th May 1536, 11 days after he had his wife Anne Boleyn beheaded, King Henry Vlll married Jane Seymour, former lady-in-waiting to Anne;
  • On 31st May 1902 the Peace of Vereeniging ended the Boer War.